What Are the Top 5 Roles and Responsibilities of HR?

Responsibilities of HR
Double Exposure Image of Business and Finance - Businessman with report chart up forward to financial profit growth of stock market investment.

HR or Human Resources is an essential department for any organization. Its main function is to manage the employees and ensure the organization’s smooth functioning. The HR department plays a crucial role in managing the organization’s human resources and ensuring that they are utilized optimally. In this article, we will discuss the top 5 roles and responsibilities of HR.


  1. Hiring and Recruitment

The primary responsibility of the HR is to hire and recruit employees. They take care of the recruitment process to make the process smooth and efficient and make sure only the most qualified and suitable candidates are hired. The HR identify the job requirements and creates job descriptions for each position. They also identify the most suitable sources for candidates and ensure that the recruitment process is fair and unbiased.

Once the candidates are shortlisted, the HR conduct interviews, assess their skills and verify their qualifications. They also ensure that the selected candidates have a clear understanding of the organization’s goals and objectives, work culture, and policies. Besides handling paperwork, the HR assists in filling out necessary documents at the time of joining.

  1. Training and Development

It is the HR’s responsibility to ensure that the employees are properly trained and developed. They identify the training needs of each employee and provide them with the necessary training and development programs. Human resources ensure that the training and development programs are relevant and effective and that employees can apply what they are learning in the workplace.

The HR also make sure that the employees are aware of the organization’s policies and procedures, and that they comply with them. The HR conducts regular training and development programs to update the employees’ knowledge and skills to meet the organization’s changing requirements.

  1. Employee Relations Management

HR manages employee relations and makes sure they’re happy and motivated. They ensure that the employees are aware of their roles and responsibilities and that they are treated fairly and equitably. The HR handles employee grievances and complaints and resolves them promptly and effectively. They also needs to ensure that the employees’ performance is evaluated regularly and that they receive feedback on their performance. They take care of the employees’ promotions and salary increments based on their performance and contributions to the organization.

  1. Compensation and Benefits

The HR is responsible for managing the employees’ compensation and benefits. It is their responsibility to make sure that employees are paid fairly and equitably, and that their salaries are based on their skills, knowledge, and experience. The HR also ensures that the employees receive the necessary benefits, such as health insurance, retirement plans, and paid time off.

Employee attendance and leaves must be tracked by HR to ensure that they receive the right benefits. They also manage the employees’ tax deductions and ensure that they comply with the relevant tax laws.

  1. Compliance with Laws and Regulations

HR ensures that the organization complies with all relevant laws and regulations. Their job is to ensure that the rights of employees are protected and that the organization adheres to labor laws and regulations. They make sure that the organization is compliant with the tax laws and regulations and file the necessary documents and reports.

Furthermore, the HR department should ensure that the organization adheres to environmental laws and regulations as well as adopts sustainable practices. It is the responsibility of the HR department to ensure that the organization has the required licenses and permits to operate and that they are renewed on time.


HR plays a crucial role in managing the organization’s human resources and ensuring that they are utilized optimally. The HR’s top 5 roles and responsibilities include recruitment and hiring, training and development, employee relations, compensation and benefits, and compliance with laws and regulations


Explore. Discover. Connect. Follow us on: